Russia has confirmed 9,736,037 instances of coronavirus and 278,857 deaths, in line with the nationwide coronavirus info heart. Russia’s whole excess fatality rely for the reason that begin of the coronavirus pandemic is not less than 723,000.
Dec. 4: What it’s essential to know immediately
- Russia on Friday confirmed 32,930 Covid-19 infections and 1,217 deaths.
- Russia on Friday stated it recorded its deadliest month in a long time in October, with the full variety of extra deaths for the reason that begin of the coronavirus pandemic surpassing 810,000.
- Russia would require residents coming into the nation from South Africa or neighboring nations to quarantine for 14 days upon arrival because of the Omicron variant beginning Dec. 2, Rospotrebnadzor head Anna Popova announced Thursday.
- Russian President Vladimir Putin on Tuesday known as for mutual recognition of vaccines in opposition to the coronavirus to assist curtail the pandemic, as concern grows all over the world in regards to the fast-spreading Omicron variant.
- Russians coming back from nations with which Moscow has not formally restored air journey must quarantine for 14 days, Anna Popova, the pinnacle of Russia’s Rospotrebnadzor client and well being watchdog stated Tuesday. The validity of well being passes obtained by a unfavorable PCR check may even be decreased from 72 to 48 hours. Popova additionally suggested Russians to not journey overseas for New Yr holidays as a part of a package deal of suggestions outlined in response to the Omicron variant.
- Putin has ordered the federal government to create an up to date motion plan for the Omicron pressure by subsequent week, he said at an funding discussion board Tuesday.
— As many as 1,500 Russian vacationers have been left stranded in South Africa as nations scramble to ban flights from the area, media reported Monday.
— The backers of the Russian Covid-19 vaccine Sputnik V said Monday that the jab is efficient in opposition to the brand new Omicron coronavirus variant however they had been additionally creating an tailored booster.
— The brand new Omicron variant could also be spreading throughout Russia by vacationers coming back from Egypt, Senator and Honored Physician of Russia Vladimir Krugly said Sunday. Russia’s client safety watchdog Rospotrebnadzor, which leads the nation’s Covid-19 response efforts, later denied Krugly’s claims.
— St. Petersburg goals to vaccinate 80% of its inhabitants by mid-January by vaccination, its Governor Alexander Beglov said Thursday. He stated 67% of town is at present vaccinated.
— Russian lawmakers are looking for to acknowledge these vaccinated in opposition to the coronavirus with overseas jabs, the Izvestia every day reported Thursday.
— President Vladimir Putin repeated his stance that Covid-19 vaccination needs to be voluntary as areas and cities tighten restrictions on the unvaccinated.
— He added that he has obtained a nasal Covid-19 vaccine, days after saying he obtained a Sputnik Mild booster shot.
— Russia has registered a Covid-19 vaccine for youngsters 12 to 17 years outdated, Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova introduced.
— Russia and Hungary have agreed to mutually acknowledge every others’ vaccination certificates, Russian International Minister Sergei Lavrov said, marking the primary such settlement between Russia and one other nation.
— A Siberian area of Russia has turn out to be the primary within the nation to impose self-isolation guidelines for residents who haven’t but been vaccinated in opposition to Covid-19.
— The republic of Tatarstan became the primary Russian province to implement QR code passes on public transit earlier Monday.
— President Vladimir Putin stated he had had a 3rd dose of a Covid vaccine. “I had it two hours in the past,” Putin stated on state tv channel Rossiya 24, assuring viewers that his booster injection of the Sputnik vaccine had been painless.
— Russia’s herd immunity has surpassed 50%, Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova said.
— Two extra Russian coronavirus vaccines are at present present process preclinical trials, Well being Minister Mikhail Murashko said. To date, Russia has approved 4 vaccines: Sputnik V, the one-dose Sputnik Mild, EpiVacCorona and CoviVak.
— There may be “no finish in sight” to the Covid-19 pandemic in Russia but, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said.
— A Far East Russian area has turn out to be the primary within the nation to introduce vaccine passports for inside flights as federal lawmakers race to mandate well being passes for public transport and different areas.
— Russia will resume air journey with Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, Costa Rica and Mongolia from Dec. 1, authorities announced. It can additionally elevate all remaining restrictions on flights with Mexico, Cuba and Qatar beginning that day. Beginning Dec. 12, prepare connections to Finland will resume.
— U.S. pharmaceutical big Pfizer has obtained approval to conduct trials of Paxlovid, a novel oral antiviral remedy aimed toward stopping and treating Covid-19. Ninety folks in a handful of Russian cities will participate within the trials.
— Russia will introduce well being passes for access to public locations, eating places and intercity trains and planes in a radical transfer designed to spice up Russia’s sluggish vaccination marketing campaign.
— St. Petersburg mandated vaccination in opposition to Covid-19 for all residents over 60 years outdated in addition to folks with sure power sicknesses.
— Russia is now the world leader in coronavirus deaths for the primary time for the reason that begin of the pandemic.
— The developer of Russia’s coronavirus vaccine Sputnik V has stated Moscow ought to make jabs obligatory as inoculation charges stay low regardless of file deaths and campaigning by authorities.
— Russia’s nationwide paid vacation aimed toward curbing the unfold of the coronavirus came to an end Monday. Some areas are holding the restrictions in place and lots of others are implementing digital passes exhibiting proof of vaccination or current Covid-19 restoration.
— QR codes proving one’s vaccination proceed to be legitimate for one 12 months after vaccination, Russia’s Well being Ministry and Digital Improvement Ministry said Monday following studies that the validity interval had modified to six months.
— Russia’s single-dose Sputnik Mild vaccine produces a powerful antibody response amongst recipients, in line with analysis published in main medical journal The Lancet. Sputnik Mild is the primary dose of Russia’s two-dose Sputnik V vaccine, which is the spine of Russia’s home vaccination marketing campaign and is being offered all over the world.
— Russian authorities said that docs had been beneath “extraordinary” pressure because of surging coronavirus instances in Europe’s worst-hit nation.
— The Novgorod area in northwestern Russia has turn out to be the first region to increase the non-working week. It can order all non-essential staff to take a mandated paid vacation for an extra week after Nov. 7.
— The Kremlin cautioned Russians in opposition to touring in the course of the Oct. 30-Nov. 7 non-working interval ordered by Moscow to stem a spike in coronavirus infections and deaths.
— The Israeli authorities will enable vacationers vaccinated with Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine to enter the nation beginning Nov. 15.
— All of Russia’s 85 areas throughout 11 time zones have now mandated vaccines for sure classes of staff, Anna Popova, who heads the federal well being watchdog that’s main the nation’s response to the virus, said.
— The European Union expects nations together with Russia to analyze the sale of faux Covid-19 certificates on-line and take applicable measures, an EU spokesperson instructed RBC. The cybersecurity firm Kaspersky said final week that it uncovered counterfeit journey certificates made to look as in the event that they had been issued in France or Poland being offered for a median value of $300 on the Telegram messaging app.
— Authorities in annexed Crimea said they plan to buy cell fridges to retailer our bodies within the metropolis of Simferopol as Covid-19 deaths proceed to rise and town’s morgues are overwhelmed.
— Russian authorities had been investigating nurses and a physician in St. Petersburg accused of promoting faux coronavirus vaccination certificates, because the nation faces a lethal new wave. The Investigative Committee, which probes main crimes, stated a physician and three nurses are suspected of pocketing not less than 100,000 rubles ($1,430) from 12 folks after promoting official certificates with out having administered jabs.
— President Vladimir Putin instructed regional leaders to order eating places to shut between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. and to ban all leisure occasions.
— Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin imposed a partial citywide lockdown between Oct. 28-Nov. 7 to stem the unfold of the virus.
— The restrictions droop companies, companies, catering, sports activities, recreation, leisure and movie screenings excluding the sale of important items like medicines and meals. Mass occasions, besides these approved by well being officers, will likely be banned, and theater and museum attendance will likely be capped at 50% with mask-wearing and digital-code guidelines in place. In-person public companies will likely be suspended and kindergarteners and college college students despatched dwelling between Oct. 28 and Nov. 7.
The Moscow area launched an identical restrictions shortly after Sobyanin’s announcement.
— President Vladimir Putin won’t meet folks face-to-face throughout Russia’s nationwide week-long paid vacation beginning on Oct. 30 designed to curb Covid infections amid file deaths, his spokesman stated.
— The tempo of vaccinations in Russia has accelerated following a string of areas imposing vaccine mandates for staff in sure sectors of the economic system and vaccine passports for entry into indoor venues, according to the Gogov web site which tracks vaccine uptake throughout the nation. It estimates Russia is administering greater than 300,000 first doses every day — up from round 120,000 a day earlier October.
— Russia’s second metropolis St. Petersburg will impose a partial lockdown from Oct. 30-Nov. 7, authorities announced.
— Sochi is bracing for an inflow of vacationers throughout public holidays beginning Oct. 30 designed to cease the unfold of the coronavirus. Occupancy charges in accommodations are set to be not less than 75%, town’s mayor said — equal to peak summer time months on the Black Sea resort. Town has launched vaccine passports for entry into eating places and bars in a bid to cease the unfold of the virus regardless of the mass influx of vacationers.
— Russia has detected a brand new sub-variant of the Delta pressure of the coronavirus, which dangers compounding the nation’s spiraling infections and deaths, a senior Russian authorities scientist warned.
— The European Union’s drug regulator won’t approve Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine till not less than the primary months of 2022, Reuters reported.
— President Vladimir Putin announced a non-working week in Russia from Oct. 30-Nov. 7. Putin pleaded with Russians to get vaccinated and stated the general public holidays may very well be prolonged additional if instances don’t begin to fall.
— Nationwide, 87% of hospital beds reserved for coronavirus sufferers are occupied, Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova stated in a televised assembly with President Vladimir Putin.
— Some 1,100 medical employees died from Covid-19 in Russia in the course of the first six months of 2021, the chair of the State Duma’s price range committee said. That’s greater than twice the quantity who succumbed to the virus in 2020, he added.
— Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin has backed plans for a nationwide non-working week beginning Oct. 30. The proposal was put ahead by Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova throughout a televised authorities assembly. Mishustin stated the strict measures — successfully a paid trip or orders for staff at non-essential companies to cease going into their workplace — had been “now mandatory” given elevated numbers of instances, hospitalizations and deaths. Golikova stated some areas ought to introduce the non-working week earlier, on Oct. 23 and in addition known as for unvaccinated pensioners to begin self-isolating at dwelling.
— Russia’s second metropolis, St. Petersburg, announced it could tighten restrictions to battle a surge in Covid-19 instances, introducing a well being go to control entry to crowd occasions.
— Moscow authorities will begin fining public transport passengers whose face masks don’t cowl their nostril and mouth, a transit official said.
— South Africa’s well being merchandise regulator said it could not approve Russia’s Sputnik V Covid-19 vaccine because of issues it may enhance the chance of HIV an infection amongst males. The choice was based mostly on earlier research testing the security of a modified type of adenovirus — a sort of virus that causes respiratory infections — often known as the Ad5 and contained within the Russian jab.
— Russia will enable members of the family of foreigners who stay in Russia to enter the nation, the International Ministry stated. The comfort will enable folks from nations not but on Russia’s designated checklist of open nations to obtain a particular entry allow to return to Russia, supplied they’ve a detailed relative dwelling in Russia.
— In accordance with Rospotrebnadzor head Anna Popova, 38 of Russia’s 85 areas have launched vaccine mandates for sure classes of residents and staff working in designated sectors of the economic system, akin to retail and hospitality.
— Russia will resume common air journey with the Bahamas, Iran, the Netherlands, Norway, Oman, Slovenia, Tunisia, Sweden and Thailand beginning Nov. 9, the nationwide Covid-19 headquarters introduced.
— Well being Minister Mikhail Murashko has called on docs who’re self-isolating and even retired because of the pandemic to get vaccinated and return to work because of file will increase in Covid-19 infections and deaths.
— The Moscow area that surrounds the capital has imposed vaccine mandates for gross sales, meals, transport, public service, hair salon and health membership staff.
— Roughly 235,000 of Russia’s 255,000 Covid hospital beds nationwide are occupied, with 6,000 sufferers on ventilators, Well being Minister Mikhail Murashko said.
— Russia’s western exclave of Kaliningrad has suspended deliberate medical procedures because it battles an “extraordinarily tough” surge in coronavirus instances and hospitalizations. The central Mari El area additionally canceled routine operations and medical remedy from Tuesday, warning that it had run out of free hospital beds and will quickly have to begin treating sufferers in corridors.
— The Kremlin described Russia’s Covid fatality toll as “excessive” and the nation’s vaccination charge as “unacceptably” low, even because it rejected new restrictions in order to guard the economic system.
— Moscow launched free categorical coronavirus checks at 20 areas throughout town, because the capital continues to battle with rising an infection charges. The checks give a end in 15 minutes, however are much less efficient than the gold customary PCR checks. Mayor Sergei Sobyanin stated speedy testing would enable “socially accountable residents” to make sure they don’t seem to be spreading the virus.
— The Leningrad area that surrounds St. Petersburg would require residents to current QR codes proving their vaccination standing or a unfavorable PCR check with a purpose to enter theaters, cinemas, swimming swimming pools and gymnasiums by Nov. 15.
— Russia reported 65,000 extra fatalities in August in a 45% leap on pre-pandemic mortality charges, official information showed. The nation’s total variety of extra deaths for the reason that begin of the coronavirus stands at 660,000.
— EU Ambassador to Russia Markus Ederer stated that the nation “has repeatedly postponed” the timing of the inspection requested by the European Medicines Company which has slowed down the approval means of the vaccine within the EU. The Russian Ministry of Well being responded by saying that it introduced the EU with all the mandatory paperwork that the block requested.
— A World Well being Group delegation will go to Russia this month as a part of its approval process for Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine, Russian Direct Funding Fund head Kirill Dmitriyev said.
— The issue behind WHO’s suspension of Sputnik V’s approval course of has been resolved, said Mariangela Simao, WHO’s assistant director basic for entry to medicines, vaccines and prescription drugs.
— Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin has introduced that mass PCR testing will likely be launched in Russia’s capital in 1-2 weeks.
— Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova stated the federal authorities recommends Russian areas introduce QR-codes for attending mass occasions, the state-run RIA Novosti information company reported.
— Russia’s prime cupboard official on Monday criticized the nation’s stalling vaccination charges for failing to gradual the unfold of Covid-19 as Russians die in numbers not seen for the reason that begin of the pandemic.
— Russia has completed Part three trials of its Sputnik V vaccine, Well being Minister Mikhail Murashko introduced, over a 12 months after Moscow touted the jab because the world’s first approved coronavirus vaccine.
— Russian residents could quickly have the ability to obtain vaccines not acknowledged by the federal government, the Kommersant enterprise every day reported, citing a Well being Ministry proposal put up for public dialogue.
— President Vladimir Putin is now not self-isolating, Okremlin spokesperson Dmitry Peskov instructed journalists. Putin beforehand said that dozens of individuals in his entourage examined constructive for the coronavirus earlier than he went into self-isolation.
— Two Russian areas, the Perm area and the republic of Udmurtia, will reimpose QR code necessities to enter public occasions, cinemas, theaters and cafes beginning subsequent week amid an upswing in Covid-19 instances and deaths.
— The USA is about to impose new journey guidelines that may ban entry to noncitizens who haven’t been vaccinated with an FDA or WHO-approved vaccine, a transfer that may shut out hundreds of thousands who’ve obtained Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine, The Washington Put up reported Monday.
— Russian officers have elevated warnings that the nation faces a looming fourth wave of the coronavirus pandemic. Anna Popova, the pinnacle of the Rospotrebnadzor well being watchdog, which is main the nation’s response to the virus, stated the expansion in new infections was “intense” in 36 of Russia’s 85 areas. She additionally warned regional healthcare techniques to be ready for a doable inflow in sufferers over the approaching weeks.
— Russian President Vladimir Putin said that dozens of individuals in his entourage examined constructive for the coronavirus earlier than he went into self-isolation earlier this week.
— A Russian pharmaceutical firm has launched manufacturing of the British-Swedish AstraZenica vaccine. The doses will likely be supposed for export solely as Russia solely makes use of domestically developed vaccines inside its borders.
— The World Well being Group (WHO) has suspended its approval course of for Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine, pending a contemporary inspection of not less than one Russian manufacturing facility manufacturing the shot.
— Russia will resume flights with 5 extra nations — Denmark, South Africa, Peru, New Zealand and Djibouti — beginning Oct. 5, the nationwide coronavirus taskforce stated.
— Russian President Vladimir Putin goes into self-isolation over coronavirus issues in his interior circle, the Kremlin said.
— Russia will resume common air journey with Spain, Iraq, Kenya and Slovakia beginning Sept. 21, the federal government announced.
— The primary dose of Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine is 78.6% efficient in opposition to coronavirus an infection, 87.6% efficient in opposition to hospitalization and 84.8% efficient at stopping coronavirus deaths, in line with a large-scale research of Argentine vaccinations published in The Lancet. The research famous the outcomes may not be relevant to new variants just like the dominant Delta variant.
— Roughly 700 Russian docs have died from the coronavirus to date in 2021, the Well being Ministry’s chief non-staff pathology specialist Igor Bukhtiyarov said.
— Russia’s flagship airline Aeroflot has suspended a number of pilots for refusing to vaccinate in opposition to the coronavirus, the RBC information web site reported, citing an organization spokesperson.
— Russia may see a renewed surge of the coronavirus as early as this month, prime well being officers have warned.
— Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine demonstrated 94.8% efficacy in opposition to Covid-19, in line with actual world information from San Marino, the place round 70% of the inhabitants have been inoculated with Sputnik V, the Russian Direct Funding Fund (RDIF) said. The vaccine additionally confirmed 95.9% effectiveness in opposition to hospitalization.
— The safety provided by Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine may enhance in the course of the first six months after vaccination, a preliminary study in Argentina has discovered. Researchers analyzed blood samples of these inoculated with the Russian jab and located antibody responses had been stronger six months after being vaccinated in comparison with ranges recorded three weeks after the second dose.
— Slovakia will halt the usage of Sputnik V because of low demand amongst its inhabitants, studies stated. The EU member state’s choice to approve the Russian vaccine forward of EU approval sparked a political uproar that led to the resignation of its prime minister.
— Russia registered its fifth coronavirus vaccine, EpiVacCorona-N, Interfax reported. The Well being Ministry stated it was an improve on the already-approved EpiVacCorona jab, which had been beneath scrutiny after scientific trial contributors raised questions in regards to the vaccine’s effectiveness. Each had been developed by the state-run Vector Institute.
— Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine provides sturdy safety in opposition to hospitalization, in line with scientists who’ve performed the primary impartial real-world study of the jab’s effectiveness in combating extreme infections.
— Russia will launch a nationwide lottery for residents who’re vaccinated, in line with an order signed by Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin. One thousand winners will likely be randomly chosen to obtain money prizes of 100,000 rubles ($1,360).
— Thailand will enable vacationers vaccinated with Russia’s Sputnik V to enter its Phuket Sandbox areas, the Bangkok Put up reported.
— Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin has canceled guidelines requiring employers within the capital to make sure not less than 30% of unvaccinated employees work remotely. Tips to employers to recurrently check staff for coronavirus and take temperature checks have additionally been scrapped.
— Chinese language aviation authorities have suspended Moscow-Shanghai flights operated by Russian flagship provider Aeroflot for 2 weeks beginning Monday, Aug. 16, after 5 Covid-19 instances had been detected amongst passengers on the July 30 flight, the Russian state-run 1prime.ru information web site reported.
— Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine is 83% efficient in opposition to the Delta variant, Well being Minister Mikhail Murashko said. Analysis revealed in The Lancet this winter confirmed Sputnik V to be 91.6% efficient in opposition to the unique coronavirus pressure.
— Russia noticed greater than 530,000 excess deaths between the beginning of the pandemic and the tip of June 2021, in line with official information.
— The European Union now recognizes vaccination certificates from San Marino, the place 90% of these vaccinated have obtained Sputnik V.
— Russia has approved scientific trials of a mix of its Sputnik V and the Anglo-Swedish drugmaker AstraZeneca’s coronavirus vaccine that may run by subsequent spring.
— Beginning Aug. 9, Russia plans to renew flights with Egypt’s resort cities of Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheikh, the nationwide coronavirus job pressure announced. Russia additionally plans to renew flights with Bahrain, the Dominican Republic and Moldova on that date.
— Russia’s Labor Ministry and the buyer safety watchdog Rospotrebnadzor issued directions for employers to make sure 80% immunity amongst employees by vaccinations and restoration from Covid-19, permitting paid depart for vaccinated staff and suspension with out pay for individuals who refuse to get vaccinated.
— Moscow’s 119 well being clinics and 45 vaccination websites started providing Sputnik V and Sputnik Mild booster vaccine pictures in opposition to coronavirus, in line with Deputy Mayor Anastasia Rakova. Mayor Sergei Sobyanin kicked off the booster marketing campaign on July 1, urging vaccinated residents to get a 3rd shot six months later, because the nation battles the extremely contagious Delta variant.
— Beginning July 19, Moscow eating places will now not require a QR code proving one’s vaccination, immunity or unfavorable check outcomes to dine indoors, Mayor Sergei Sobyanin announced.
— Most service sector companies in Moscow met a Friday deadline to make sure 60% of their workforce obtained a primary dose of a coronavirus vaccine, the capital’s coronavirus taskforce stated. Mayor Sergei Sobyanin introduced he would give employers who fell quick one other week, till July 22, to satisfy the requirement.
— The Kremlin stated that Moscow had no rapid plans to permit overseas coronavirus vaccines into Russia, regardless of the nation’s sluggish vaccination charges and rising demise toll in a 3rd wave of the pandemic.
— Russia will resume reciprocal flights with France and the Czech Republic from July 24, the nation’s coronavirus info headquarters announced.
— Russia has overtaken France as having the world’s fourth-highest variety of confirmed Covid-19 instances, in line with the World Well being Group.
— The builders of Russia’s Sputnik V coronavirus vaccine stated a deal had been struck with Indian vaccine maker the Serum Institute to provide 300 million doses yearly.
— Russia’s Federal Air Transport Company has ordered that airways check all pilots and flight attendants for coronavirus as soon as each 72 hours, the RBC information web site reported.
— The republic of Buryatia in Siberia has lifted its lockdown after turning into the primary Russian area to order all non-essential retailers and companies to shut from June 27.
— Russia’s Black Sea coastal resorts together with Sochi would require visiting vacationers to vaccinate in opposition to the coronavirus inside three days of arrival beginning Aug. 1, regional authorities announced.
— St. Petersburg authorities will ban gatherings of greater than 75 folks from July 13, metropolis officers introduced. Case numbers have spiked in Russia’s second-largest metropolis because it has hosted seven matches within the soccer event.
— Moscow’s out of doors restaurant verandas will keep open to diners who lack a QR code proving their vaccination or immunity by Aug. 1. Initially, town deliberate to require QR codes to dine at verandas beginning July 12.
— Beginning July 7, Russians coming back from abroad will likely be required to self-isolate till they check unfavorable for Covid-19, client safety watchdog Rospotrebnadzor said. Vaccinated or not too long ago recovered Russians are exempt from the rule.
— A senior administrator at a western Russian clinic has been detained on suspicion of promoting faux coronavirus vaccine certificates, police said. In the meantime, Moscow police introduced town’s first legal case in opposition to an individual who had allegedly bought a faux QR code for eating indoors on the metropolis’s eating places.
— The Kremlin said it would not help closing inside borders between Russia’s areas to include the unfold of the coronavirus.
— Germany’s well being company stated on Monday it could elevate a ban on most vacationers from 5 nations together with Russia which have been hit by the Delta variant of Covid-19. Russia will likely be reclassified as a “high-incidence space.”
— Moscow authorities introduced that every one sufferers with acute respiratory signs will likely be required to self-isolate and take categorical checks for COVID-19.
— Provides of Russia’s EpiVacCorona vaccine have run out in Moscow, metropolis authorities stated, leaving Sputnik V and Sputnik Mild as the one remaining vaccine choices for Muscovites after provides of the CoviVac ran out on June 22.
AFP contributed reporting.
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