China was the world’s high producer of high-quality papers in eight scientific fields final yr, however remained second to the USA within the variety of papers in main science journals, a report printed on Tuesday mentioned.
The eight fields had been engineering expertise, chemistry, environmental and ecological sciences, laptop sciences, supplies science, agricultural science, physics and arithmetic, in line with the 2020 version of Statistical Information of Science and Know-how Papers.
A paper is taken into account high-quality when it’s printed in a journal ranked within the high 10 % by way of educational affect. The report has been printed yearly since 1987 by the Ministry of Science and Know-how’s Institute of Scientific and Technical Data of China.
China additionally ranked second within the variety of high-quality papers in 4 scientific disciplines: biology, Earth science, pharmacy and interdisciplinary analysis.
Chinese language researchers printed 13,068 papers final yr within the 155 science journals with probably the most educational affect – 22.four % of the world whole and 1,750 greater than in 2018.
China has ranked second within the class for 10 consecutive years, behind the US, which ranked high final yr with 19,561 printed papers – 33.6 % of the world whole.
For papers printed in three of the world’s most prestigious journals-Nature, Science and Cell-China ranked fourth, behind the US, the UK and Germany final yr with 425 papers.
4 mainland universities had been among the many world’s high 10 final yr by way of the variety of high-quality printed papers, with Beijing-based Tsinghua College rating second on the planet with 2,420 papers, behind Harvard College.
One notable growth in China’s scientific output has been a rise within the variety of extremely cited and “scorching” papers. Extremely cited papers are these rating within the high 1 % by variety of citations during the last decade. Sizzling papers are ones printed within the final two years which can be ranked within the high 0.1 % by variety of citations, making them the most effective of the most effective of their respective fields.
Within the 10 years to the top of September, China had 37,170 papers within the extremely cited class, up 20.9 % year-on-year. China accounted for 23 % of the world’s whole, trailing solely the US.
China was once more second to the US by way of scorching papers, with 1,375 papers or 38.four % of the world whole. The variety of scorching Chinese language papers was up 30.2 % year-on-year.